The Standardized College Admissions Test in the United States.
The SAT is a standardized test which you take to show the schools your applying to how prepared you are for college. It measures key skills like reading comprehension, computational ability, and clarity of expression.
You will definitely need to take the SAT or ACT if you’re applying to any colleges or universities in the United States. You will need to submit these scores with your college application.
READING PASSAGE #1
This passage is adapted from A Study in Scarlet, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s first story in his acclaimed Sherlock Holmes series. In this excerpt the narrator, Dr. Watson, observes Mr. Holmes, with whom he has recently entered into a shared housing arrangement, although he knows very little about this new roommate as of yet.
As the weeks went by, my interest in him and my curiosity as to his aims in life gradually deepened and increased. His very person and appearance were such as to strike the attention of the most casual observer. In height he was rather over six feet, and so excessively lean that he seemed to be considerably taller. His eyes were sharp and piercing, save during those intervals of torpor to which I have alluded; and his thin, hawk-like nose gave his whole expression an air of alertness and decision. His chin, too, had the prominence and squareness which mark the man of determination. His hands were invariably blotted with ink and stained with chemicals, yet he was possessed of extraordinary delicacy of touch, as I frequently had occasion to observe when I watched him manipulating his fragile philosophical instruments. . . . He was not studying medicine. He had himself, in reply to a question, confirmed Stamford’s opinion upon that point. Neither did he appear to have pursued any course of reading which might fit him for a degree in science or any other recognized portal which would give him an entrance into the learned world. Yet his zeal for certain studies was remarkable, and within eccentric limits his knowledge was so extraordinarily ample and minute that his observations have fairly astounded me. Surely no man would work so hard or attain such precise information unless he had some definite end in view. Desultory readers are seldom remarkable for the exactness of their learning. No man burdens his mind with small matters unless he has some very good reason for doing so.
His ignorance was as remarkable as his knowledge. Of contemporary literature, philosophy and politics he appeared to know next to nothing. Upon my quoting Thomas Carlyle, he inquired in the naïvest way who he might be and what he had done. My surprise reached a climax, however, when I found incidentally that he was ignorant of the Copernican Theory and of the composition of the solar system. That any civilized human being in this nineteenth century should not be aware that the earth travelled round the sun appeared to be to me such an extraordinary fact that I could hardly realize it. “You appear to be astonished,” he said, smiling at my expression of surprise. “Now that I do know it I shall do my best to forget it.” “To forget it!” “You see,” he explained, “I consider that a man’s brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose. A fool takes in all the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be useful to him gets crowded out, or at best is jumbled up with a lot of other things so that he has a difficulty in laying his hands upon it. Now the skillful workman is very careful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic. He will have nothing but the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a large assortment, and all in the most perfect order. It is a mistake to think that that little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. Depend upon it there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before. It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones.” “But the solar system!” I protested. “What the deuce is it to me?”
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- Question 1 of 8
According to the passage, as time passes, Watson finds HolmesCorrect
Look for clues like stated in first sentence: “As the weeks went by, my interest in him and my curiosity as to his aims in life gradually deepened and increased”Incorrect
- Question 2 of 8
As used in line 2, “casual” most nearly meansCorrectIncorrect
Find word from choices that can be substituted for “casual”.
- Question 3 of 8
As presented in the passage, Sherlock Holmes is best described asCorrectIncorrect
When getting to the answer, you should understand the overall picture painted of Sherlock Holmes. You should find the facts which best describe him. For example, clearly stated in the passage that’s he’s clearly NOT like NO ordinary man. ” The passage develops Holmes as an unusual and eccentric character.” Try and select the closest answer.
- Question 4 of 8
As used in line 4, “torpor” most nearly meansCorrectIncorrect
The passage states “His eyes were sharp and piercing” except when he is in a period of “torpor. Look for answer which closely resembles the opposite of words like “sharp”.
- Question 5 of 8
The passage most strongly suggests that which of the following is true of Holmes?CorrectIncorrect
No where does it say he pursued medicine. However, from the passage you can understand that Holmes studies things which interest him based on external factors. Eliminate what clues you have and you’ll conclude that “passion” most closely relates to his study habits.
- Question 6 of 8
The passage most strongly suggests that Holmes believes which of the following about learning?CorrectIncorrect
Read passage closely. It’s stated clearly by Holmes: ““I consider that a man’s brain originally is like a little empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose.”Now the skillful workman is very careful indeed as to what he takes into his brain-attic. He will have nothing but the tools which may help him in doing his work, but of these he has a large assortment, and all in the most perfect order. It is a mistake to think that that little room has elastic walls and can distend to any extent. Depend upon it there comes a time when for every addition of knowledge you forget something that you knew before. It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts”
- Question 7 of 8
The comparison of the brain to an attic mainly serves toCorrectIncorrect
Holmes uses the word “attic” to describe what the brain should do. Since an attic is used to keep important memories or belongings, he suggest the brain should do the same. Use the brain to gather and hold important information. Knowledge is important!
- Question 8 of 8
The decision to tell the story from Watson’s point of view suggests that the authorCorrectIncorrect
Your getting Watson’s point of view and he is sharing his personal experience. Watson describes a lot about Holmes and creates a picture which is full of curiosity, intelligence, and passion. Presumably, readers will want to find out more about Holmes because the narrator depicts him as a fascinating person.